Portable sundial of the XVIII century. European production
Petersburg Kunstkamera was a leading research and educational center of Russia in the 18th
century. In particular, the exact time service worked here. The equipment included a rich collection of sundials by both foreign and domestic masters. In No. 4 of the magazine “Russia XXI”
for 2019, it was told about the sundials made in Russia that are now stored in the museum. An
article on sundials manufactured in Europe is offered to the attention of readers in continuation
of the research.
sundial; science; spread of knowledge; MAE RAS (Kunstkamera); Modern history
«Sundials are the most useful things…» Portable Russian sundials
Sundials are the most ancient scientific instruments, but their earliest examples made in Russia and stored at museums are the ones made in the 18th century. The article is devoted to the sundials presented at the exposition “The first astronomic observatory of Academy of science” at МАЕ RAS (Kunstkamera). In the introductory part of the article the author tells how and why
sundials became an important object by the beginning of the 18th century and why portable varieties gained popularity. Further the history of their usage and improvement is under consideration, as well as inviting foreign masters and appearance of Russian ones. Special attention is paid to each of the exhibits of Kunstkamera as a unique object, giving us a chance to study the history of science and technique.
sundials; Kunstkamera; Russian instrument manufacture; 18th century; academic observatory