"Acid test" for US diplomacy: President W. Wilson and the consuls are looking for him solution "Russian dilemma»
The author proceeds from the fact that from the first days of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia,
the Woodrow Wilson administration, in various ways, under the guise of ostentatious goodwill,
sought to take a leading role among those who offered Russia “help and assistance”. The US
diplomatic services launched intensive reconnaissance and sabotage operations, spreading their
influence and agents in the hottest spots of the country. These actions were combined with US
armed intervention in Soviet Russia, were supported by local counterrevolution, and developed
taking into account the presence of the Japanese military contingent in Siberia and the Far East,
as well as Czechoslovak units from among former prisoners of war. As a result, by 1919 the
United States was close to establishing something similar to the occupation regime in a number
of places free of the “Reds” and their supporters.
the United States and the Civil War in Soviet Russia; Woodrow Wilson; American
diplomacy and the situation in the regions of Russia in 1918; Anti-Bolshevism
Jubilee article (1929) as Stalin's hidden autobiography
The article deals with the jubilee article by St.Krivtsov, published in the journal "Under the
banner of Marxism" and dedicated to the 50th anniversary of Stalin (1929). It reveals the complicity of the jubilee writer himself in the arrangement of accents in his own biography of the party
leader and the head of state, which makes the article by Krivtsov at the same time and a hidden
autobiography. Stalin keeps silent about the painful facts of his political failures and looks ahead
to the future, in which he sees himself as the main theorist of the country, although in the journal
"Under the banner of Marxism" no one writes about him so yet. Stalin's main argument is the turn
to the construction of socialism in one single country and the need to assess the "practice" of new
construction higher than dogmatic Marxism. It is not theory that determines the future, but the
"practice" of socialism that is the criterion for the theoretical front in the USSR.
Marxism dialectics; Stalin; philosophical front; totalitarianism
Three penances: cultural and historical types of pre-Petrine Russia
The article is devoted to the cultural-historical types of pre-Petrine Russia. The author considers
them as an example of three confessions, reflected in ancient Russian literature. Prince Igor, the
hero of the annalistic tales and “The Tale of Igor's Campaign”, repents as a representative of
the entire princely family. Ivan the Terrible – as a sovereign, the head of the house and family.
Protopop Avvakum – as a sovereign person in his direct approach to God, now speaking for
himself personally, recognizing his individual responsibility. Thus, we are studying three different cultures, three meanings and life-worlds, which replaced each other in Russian history: 1)
Ancient Russia; 2) Medieval Russia; 3) Russia of early Modern age. The article reinterprets the
theory of cultural-historical types of N.Danilevsky. According to the author, the culturalhistorical types serve not only to distinguish between civilizations and the peoples that are in
their orbit, but also to define the internal periodization of each specific culture. Inside each
culture its own cultural-historical types may reveal, and even different cultures.
cultural-historical types; Ancient Russia; Middle Ages; Russia of Modern age;
civilization; life-world; confession; kindred; home; family; personality.
Portable sundial of the XVIII century. European production
Petersburg Kunstkamera was a leading research and educational center of Russia in the 18th
century. In particular, the exact time service worked here. The equipment included a rich collection of sundials by both foreign and domestic masters. In No. 4 of the magazine “Russia XXI”
for 2019, it was told about the sundials made in Russia that are now stored in the museum. An
article on sundials manufactured in Europe is offered to the attention of readers in continuation
of the research.
sundial; science; spread of knowledge; MAE RAS (Kunstkamera); Modern history
Russian ballet in search of Slavic identity
In 2018, the art community noted several memorable dates: the 280th anniversary of the Russian
ballet school, the 200th anniversary of M.I.Petipa and the 140th anniversary of the end of the
Russian-Turkish war of 1877–78. The article will focus on three French choreographers:
J.Land, S.Didlo and M.Petipa, who created the basis for the flourishing of Russian ballet. In
addition, special attention will be paid to Petipa’s contribution to the formation of the Russian
aristocracy’s sense of ownership in the events in the Balkans in search of national (Slavic)
ballet; French choreographers; war; Slavic identity; folk dances
"Ardent revolutionaries" Alexander Tsitovich and Anna tarelkina. The way from Irkutsk to Marseille
Based on a wide range of archival documents, the biographies of Siberian “fiery revolutionaries” – Alexander Vasilievich Tsytovich (1873–1942) and his wife – Anna Pavlovna, nee
Tarelkina (1879 – after 1957), active participants in the Irkutsk Social Democratic underground
of 1904–1912, then – of political emigrants. Information is presented on the activities of
A.V.Tsytovich after returning to Soviet Russia in 1919, on his work as director of the Library of
the State Historical Museum (1929–1933).
Irkutsk organization of the RSDLP; illegal Bolshevik press; Irkutsk security department; Russian political emigration in France; Library of the State Historical Museum; archival documents; Tsytovich Alexander Vasilievich; Tsytovich (Tarelkina) Anna Pavlovna.
At the origins of liberal centrism in Russia in the early twentieth century.
The article traces the origins of the centrist trend in Russian liberalism in the early 20th century.
The author analyzes the views and activities of some leaders of this trend throughout the years
1860–1905. The conclusion is substantiated that the process of formation of the liberal center
has accelerated since the end of the 19th century.
liberal centrism; "Vestnik Evropy"; "Russkie vedomosti"; M.M.Stasyulevich;
K.K.Arsenyev; D.V.Stasov; A.S.Posnikov; I.I.Ivanyukov.