Features of the Formation of the Ukrainian-Russian Border in 1917–1919
The article covers the issues of the initial stage of the formation of the Russian-Ukrainian border in the 1917–1919s. It is based on the study of the archive documents, contemporary publications of leading experts. The prevailing in the border areas with mixed population structure complicated the borders along ethnic lines. The territorial dispute was suspended in 1919 with Ukraine signing the Treaty on Borders with the Russian Socialist Soviet Republic, where the parties confirmed the expediency of the pre-revolutionary provincial administrative-territorial differentiation.
Ukrainian Central Rada; Hetmanate; Ukrainian SSR; The RSFSR; Great Don Army; Ukrainian-Russian border.
The Problems of Delimiting Russian-Ukrainian Territories in the Mid-1920s
The article covers the issues of a key stage in the construction of the Russian-Ukrainian inter-republican border in the 1920s. The author grounded on the documents and modern publications of leading historian scholars stored in domestic and foreign archival institutions. The author emphasizes that inter-republican delimitation in the 1920s had opposite vectors - from the application of an ethnographic criterion to the involvement of economic and political arguments. The result of the confrontation was the adoption of the option of delimitation agreed upon by the parties, drawn up by the corresponding Decree of the CEC of the USSR.
Ukrainian SSR; The RSFSR; Kursk province; Voronezh province; Belgorod; Taganrog; Ukrainian-Russian border
To the Question About the Borders of the Great Troops Don and Ukrainian Power in 1918
Based on the analysis of little-known documents stored in domestic and foreign archival institutions and previously published materials, the article highlights the formation of the Russian-Ukrainian border on the Don in 1918. The author focuses on the features of lengthy and intense negotiations, sometimes accompanied by an escalation of interstate relations caused by the presence of mutual territorial claims. Following the talks, the states worked out a compromise option by concluding an agreement on the mutual recognition of sovereignty and the establishment of state borders of the Don and the Ukrainian State. However, implementation of the signed agreements was hindered by foreign policy events and the subsequent change in the domestic political situation in the context of the growing chaos of the Civil War. The end of the First World War and the subsequent withdrawal of the troops of the Central Powers brought down the pro-German government of P.Skoropadsky, and in the Don defeated military-political circles began to oriented toward the Entente countries.
Ukrainian State; Getman; Don; the Great Don Army; P.Krasnov; P.Skoropadsky; A.Cheryachukin; Ukrainian-Russian border
Ukraine and Russia: Year 1920. Disputes about the Border
The article covers the complex transformation issues of the Russian-Ukrainian border in 1920. It is based on the study of the archive documents, critical analysis of publications of leading historians. The author marks, that economic factor determine the creation of the Donetsk province and the transfer to it the some Russian ethnic territories, that caused intense disputes about the contours of the Russian-Ukrainian border. The administrative-territorial dispute was settled by the orders of the Center, but the decision did not satisfy the parties.
Ukrainian SSR; The RSFSR; Don region; Donetsk Province; Ukrainian-Russian border; delimitation